The evidence connecting carbon emission to global warming is resounding. The largest contribution towards greenhouse gas emissions emanates from burning coal as a source of energy. While many countries are taking conscious efforts to mitigate its practices to reduce its carbon footprint, there have been numerous challenges to grapple with. The hurdles are much more prevalent in developing countries. The Indian subcontinent is attempting to increase its renewable energy production with the ambition of becoming independent of coal reliance in the future. But India can’t achieve this goal without help from the developed countries.
Generation Of Carbon Emission
The population of India is approximately 1.3 billion. The Indian government faces a monumental task in providing energy for its people. 60% of the power generated in India comes from coal. But due to the outdated infrastructure and poor maintenance of the delivery systems, 30% of that power generated is lost in transmission. As a result, more coal has to be burned to fill the need.
The economy in the subcontinent is also thriving. As the 3rd largest consumer of coal behind the US and China, India is vying to supply the demand of its growing industries. Therefore, more coal is burned to deliver the necessary power to push the economy forward.
The technological deficiencies in the power production also result in constant power outages. Consequently, many Indian homes and businesses have backup power in the form of power generators. The number of power generators in use in India currently can provide enough power for the whole of Australia. These power generators are fueled by diesel which is also a large proponent of carbon emission.
300 million people in India don’t have power. That is almost equivalent to the population of the US. Many remote villages in India are completely off the grid. They have never had power. Children growing up in these places use kerosene fueled lamps to study and do their homework. The toxic fumes that evaporate via kerosene burning are injurious to health as well as the environment.
Action To Mitigate Carbon Emission
The Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, is determined to counter climate change by shifting the energy production to solar power. His initiative, for cleaner and more efficient source of sustainable energy, is beginning to take its footing. Independent solar companies have started setting up small solar power plants that provide sufficient power to about 200 families. Such neighborhood solar power plants are a bright indication for what the future could be. The Indian government’s push for solar power has set its objective to reduce carbon emissions by 80 million lbs in the next three years. In this quest, India is hoping to build the largest solar array in the world and is hoping for investments from the developed countries to achieve this goal.
Nature is not governed by Geopolitics nor is it partial towards any country. Coal burned in one nation affects the whole world. It takes a collective effort by every government to implement positive change. Cooperation with resources, technology, and intelligence is required to protect our planet and preserve it for our future generations.